Записей: 2652
Telling J., Flower V.J.B., Carn S.A. A multi-sensor satellite assessment of SO2 emissions from the 2012–13 eruption of Plosky Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka // Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2015. Vol. 307. P. 98 - 106. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2015.07.010.
Abstract Prolonged basaltic effusive eruptions at high latitudes can have significant atmospheric and environmental impacts, but can be challenging to observe in winter conditions. Here, we use multi-sensor satellite data to assess sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from the 2012–2013 eruption of Plosky Tolbachik volcano (Kamchatka), which lasted ~ 9–10 months and erupted ~ 0.55 km3 DRE. Observations from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS), the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS), and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) are used to evaluate volcanic activity, SO2 emissions and heat flux associated with the effusion of lava flows. Gaps in the primary OMI SO2 time-series dataset occurred due to instrument limitations and adverse meteorological conditions. Four methods were tested to assess how efficiently they could fill these data gaps and improve estimates of total SO2 emissions. When available, using data from other {SO2} observing instruments was the most comprehensive way to address these data gaps. Satellite measurements yield a total SO2 loading of ~ 200 kt SO2 during the 10-month Plosky Tolbachik eruption, although actual SO2 emissions may have been greater. Based on the satellite SO2 measurements, the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) multi-taper method (MTM) was used to analyze cyclical behavior in the complete data series and a 55-day cycle potentially attributable to the eruptive behavior of Plosky Tolbachik during the 2012 – 2013 eruption was identified.
Tibaldi Alessandro, Corazzato Claudia, Kozhurin Andrey, Lagmay Alfredo F.M., Pasquarè Federico A., Ponomareva Vera V., Rust Derek, Tormey Daniel, Vezzoli Luigina Influence of substrate tectonic heritage on the evolution of composite volcanoes: Predicting sites of flank eruption, lateral collapse, and erosion // Global and Planetary Change. 2008. Vol. 61. № 3-4. P. 151-174. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2007.08.014.
Tokarev P.I. Dynamics and Large Deformations of Volcanoes // Volcanology and Seismology. 1991. Vol. 12. № 2. P. 241-259.
Tokarev P.I. Prediction of the Klyuchevskoi Parasitic Eruption in March 1983 // Volcanology and Seismology. 1983. № 5. P. 491-496.
Tokarev P.I. The March - June 1984 Eruption of Klyuchevskoi and its Present State as Estimated from Original Observations // Volcanology and Seismology. 1988. Vol. 7. № 1. P. 143-148.
Tokarev P.I. Volcanic Explosions. On the concept of "Volcanic Explosion" // Volcanology and Seismology. 1983. № 3. P. 315-322.
Tolstikhin I.N., Mamyrin B.A., Khabarin L.B., Erlikh E.N. Isotope composition of helium in ultrabasic xenoliths from volcanic rocks of Kamchatka // Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 1974. Vol. 22. № 1. P. 75-84.
The purpose of this work is to refine our knowledge about the nature of helium with a high abundance of the rare isotope3He(3He/4He= 10−5) discovered in terrestrial volcanic gases in 1968.
We will discuss here the results of isotope analyses of helium released by step-wise heating of ultrabasic xenoliths and some volcanic rocks. On the basis of these results, possible sources of3He in the earth due to fission and nuclear reactions are considered critically. The most probable source of the high abundance of3He is shown to be due to the capture and trapping of primordial He by the earth during its formation (primordial helium3He/4He= 3 × 10−4), a small but significant fraction of which has been retained to the present time.
Tolstykh M.L., Naumov V.B., Gavrilenko M.G., Ozerov A.Yu., Kononkova N.N. Chemical composition, volatile components, and trace elements in the melts of the Gorely volcanic center, southern Kamchatka: Evidence from inclusions in minerals // Geochemistry International. 2012. Vol. 50. № 6. P. 522-550. doi:10.1134/S0016702912060079.
Tolstykh M.L., Naumov V.B., Ozerov A.Yu., Kononkova N.N. Composition of Magmas of the 1996 Eruption at the Karymskii Volcanic Center, Kamchatka: Evidence from Melt Inclusions // Geochemistry International. 2001. Vol. 39. № 5. P. 447-458.
Torsvik T., Paris R., Didenkulova I., Pelinovsky E., Belousov A., Belousova M. Numerical simulation of a tsunami event during the 1996 volcanic eruption in Karymskoye lake, Kamchatka, Russia // Natural Hazards and Earth System Science. 2010. Vol. 10. № 11. P. 2359-2369. doi:10.5194/nhess-10-2359-2010.