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Вулкан Узон. Библиография

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Bazhenova O.K., Arefiev O.A., Frolov E.B. Oil of the volcano Uzon caldera, Kamchatka // Organic Geochemistry. 1998. V. 29. № 1–3. P. 421 - 428. doi: 10.1016/S0146-6380(98)00129-6.    Аннотация
There are reported gas chromatography, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and carbon isotopic data on the oils sampled in caldera of the Uzon volcano (East Kamchatka). The Uzon volcano is located in the west of the eastern Kamchatka basin which is made up of thick Paleogene-Neogene sedimentary rocks. Its caldera is made up of lacustrine volcanogenic-sedimentary formations of Pleistocene age (38–70 thousand years), lying on dense basalts. Two samples studied were heavy oils (0.915 g/ml) and contained 2 sulfur; 2.5 paraffin, 9.3 waxes; 1.4 wt olefinic hydrocarbons. Their gas chromatograms show a mono-modal distribution for n-alkanes with a maximum at C18. Pristane/Phytane concentration ratios were measured to be 0.48–0.52. Olefinic hydrocarbons were interpreted to be of hydrothermal origin. Sterane and triterpane biomarkers indicated a low maturation degree and a lacustrine orgin of the initial organic matter. The Uzon oil was found to be isotopically heavy with a δ13C value of −21‰14C isotope was detected, which indicates that recent plant organic matter was significantly involved in oil generation process.
Bindeman I.N., Leonov V.L., Izbekov P.E., Ponomareva V.V., Watts K.E., Shipley N.K., Perepelov A.B., Bazanova L.I., Jicha B.R., Singer B.S., Schmitt A.K., Portnyagin M.V., Chen C.H. Large-volume silicic volcanism in Kamchatka: Ar–Ar and U–Pb ages, isotopic, and geochemical characteristics of major pre-Holocene caldera-forming eruptions // Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2010. V. 189. № 1-2. P. 57-80. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.10.009.    Аннотация
The Kamchatka Peninsula in far eastern Russia represents the most volcanically active arc in the world in terms of magma production and the number of explosive eruptions. We investigate large-scale silicic volcanism in the past several million years and present new geochronologic results from major ignimbrite sheets exposed in Kamchatka. These ignimbrites are found in the vicinity of morphologically-preserved rims of partially eroded source calderas with diameters from ∼ 2 to ∼ 30 km and with estimated volumes of eruptions ranging from 10 to several hundred cubic kilometers of magma. We also identify and date two of the largest ignimbrites: Golygin Ignimbrite in southern Kamchatka (0.45 Ma), and Karymshina River Ignimbrites (1.78 Ma) in south-central Kamchatka. We present whole-rock geochemical analyses that can be used to correlate ignimbrites laterally. These large-volume ignimbrites sample a significant proportion of remelted Kamchatkan crust as constrained by the oxygen isotopes. Oxygen isotope analyses of minerals and matrix span a 3‰ range with a significant proportion of moderately low-δ18O values. This suggests that the source for these ignimbrites involved a hydrothermally-altered shallow crust, while participation of the Cretaceous siliceous basement is also evidenced by moderately elevated δ18O and Sr isotopes and xenocryst contamination in two volcanoes. The majority of dates obtained for caldera-forming eruptions coincide with glacial stages in accordance with the sediment record in the NW Pacific, suggesting an increase in explosive volcanic activity since the onset of the last glaciation 2.6 Ma. Rapid changes in ice volume during glacial times and the resulting fluctuation of glacial loading/unloading could have caused volatile saturation in shallow magma chambers and, in combination with availability of low-δ18O glacial meltwaters, increased the proportion of explosive vs effusive eruptions. The presented results provide new constraints on Pliocene–Pleistocene volcanic activity in Kamchatka, and thus constrain an important component of the Pacific Ring of Fire.
Braitseva Olga A., Ponomareva Vera V., Sulerzhitsky Leopold D., Melekestsev Ivan V., Bailey John Holocene Key-Marker Tephra Layers in Kamchatka, Russia // Quaternary Research. 1997. V. 47. № 2. P. 125-139. doi:10.1006/qres.1996.1876.    Аннотация
Detailed tephrochronological studies in Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, permitted documentation of 24 Holocene key-marker tephra layers related to the largest explosive eruptions from 11 volcanic centers. Each layer was traced for tens to hundreds of kilometers away from the source volcano; its stratigraphic position, area of dispersal, age, characteristic features of grain-size distribution, and chemical and mineral composition confirmed its identification. The most important marker tephra horizons covering a large part of the peninsula are (from north to south; ages given in 14C yr B.P.) SH2(≈1000 yr B.P.) and SH3(≈1400 yr B.P.) from Shiveluch volcano; KZ (≈7500 yr B.P.) from Kizimen volcano; KRM (≈7900 yr B.P.) from Karymsky caldera; KHG (≈7000 yr B.P.) from Khangar volcano; AV1(≈3500 yr B.P.), AV2(≈4000 yr B.P.), AV4(≈5500 yr B.P.), and AV5(≈5600 yr B.P.) from Avachinsky volcano; OP (≈1500 yr B.P.) from the Baraniy Amfiteatr crater at Opala volcano; KHD (≈2800 yr B.P.) from the “maar” at Khodutka volcano; KS1(≈1800 yr B.P.) and KS2(≈6000 yr B.P.) from the Ksudach calderas; KSht3(A.D. 1907) from Shtyubel cone in Ksudach volcanic massif; and KO (≈7700 yr B.P.) from the Kuril Lake-Iliinsky caldera. Tephra layers SH5(≈2600 yr B.P.) from Shiveluch volcano, AV3(≈4500 yr B.P.) from Avachinsky volcano, OPtr(≈4600 yr B.P.) from Opala volcano, KS3(≈6100 yr B.P.) and KS4(≈8800 yr B.P.) from Ksudach calderas, KSht1(≈1100 yr B.P.) from Shtyubel cone, and ZLT (≈4600 yr B.P.) from Iliinsky volcano cover smaller areas and have local stratigraphic value, as do the ash layers from the historically recorded eruptions of Shiveluch (SH1964) and Bezymianny (B1956) volcanoes. The dated tephra layers provide a record of the most voluminous explosive events in Kamchatka during the Holocene and form a tephrochronological timescale for dating and correlating various deposits.
Egorova I.A. Age and Paleogeography of Formation of Volcano-Sedimentary Deposits in the Uzon-Geizernaya Caldera Depression, Kamchatka (According to Palynological Data) // Volcanology and Seismology. 1993. V. 15. № 2. P. 157-176.    Аннотация
Based on thepalynological studies, the age dismembering is made of volcanogenic-sedimentary deposits in the Uzon-Geysernaya Caldera Depression. The paleogeographical setting of the time of sedimentation is described. The age of deposits was established to be Late Pleitocene-Holocene. The dating was made of the main events of the post-caldera volcanic activity in the Uzon Caldera.
http://repo.kscnet.ru/2588/ [связанный ресурс]
Holocene Volcanoes in Kamchatka. 2002.
Kontorovich A.E., Bortnikova S.B., Karpov G.A., Kashirtsev V.A., Kostyreva E.A., Fomin A.N. Uzon volcano caldera (Kamchatka): A unique natural laboratory of the present-day naphthide genesis // Russian Geology and Geophysics. 2011. V. 52. № 8. P. 768 - 772. doi: 10.1016/j.rgg.2011.07.002.    Аннотация
Oil shows from the thermal springs of the Uzon volcano caldera have been studied by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry methods. Based on the composition and distribution of biomarker molecules, their genetic identity with the organic matter of Pliocene–Quaternary deposits has been established. It has been shown that the Uzon caldera is a unique natural laboratory of the present-day oil formation from the organic matter of Pliocene–Quaternary sediments. It has been stated that attempts to consider the compounds forming these oil shows as a product of hydrothermal abiogenic synthesis are absolutely unfounded.
Ponomareva Vera A chronology of the Holocene eruptions from the northern Kamchatka volcanoes based on linking major C14-dated tephra sequences with the help of EMPA glass data // Quaternary International. 2012. V. 279–28. P. 383 doi: 10.1016/j.quaint.2012.08.1191.    Аннотация
Volcanic eruptions from Kamchatka have deposited many unique tephra layers over a large region within the North Pacific, providing important isochrons between key sites such as marine ODP core 883 (Pacific Ocean, Detroit Seamount) and Elgygytgyn Lake (Chukotka, eastern Siberia). Here we present a compilation of C14 dates on major Holocene tephras from the volcanically highly active region, based on decades of detailed stratigraphical fieldwork on Shiveluch, Kliuchevskoy, and other volcanoes.The 12-m thick tephra sequence at the Kliuchevskoy slope has been continuously accumulating during the last ∼11 ka. It contains over 200 visible individual tephra layers and no datable organic material. The section is dominated by dark-gray mafic cinders related to Kliuchevskoy activity. In addition, it contains 30 light-colored thin layers of silicic tephra from distant volcanoes including 11 layers from Shiveluch volcano located only 65 km to the north. We have used EMPA glass analysis to correlate most of the marker tephra layers to their source eruptions dated earlier by C14 (Braitseva et al., 1997; Ponomareva et al., 2007), and in this way linked Kliuchevskoy tephra sequence to sequences at other volcanoes including Shiveluch. The C14 dates and tephras from the northern Kamchatka are then combined into a single Bayesian framework taking into account stratigraphical ordering within and between the sites. This approach has allowed us to enhance the reliability and precision of the estimated ages for the eruptions. Age-depth models are constructed to analyse changes in deposition rates and volcanic activity throughout the Holocene. This detailed chronology of the eruptions serves as a basis for understanding temporal patterns in the eruption sequence and geochemical variations of magmas. This research could prove important for the long-term forecast of eruptions and volcanic hazards.
Siebert L., Simkin T. Volcanoes of the World: an Illustrated Catalog of Holocene Volcanoes and their Eruptions. 2013.
Siebert L., Simkin T., Kimberly P. Volcanoes of the World. 2010. 568 p.    Аннотация
This impressive scientific resource presents up-to-date information on ten thousand years of volcanic activity on Earth. In the decade and a half since the previous edition was published new studies have refined assessments of the ages of many volcanoes, and several thousand new eruptions have been documented. This edition updates the book's key components: a directory of volcanoes active during the Holocene; a chronology of eruptions over the past ten thousand years; a gazetteer of volcano names, synonyms, and subsidiary features; an extensive list of references; and an introduction placing these data in context. This edition also includes new photographs, data on the most common rock types forming each volcano, information on population densities near volcanoes, and other features, making it the most comprehensive source available on Earth's dynamic volcanism.
Waltham Tony A guide to the volcanoes of southern Kamchatka, Russia // Proceedings of the Geologists' Association. 2001. V. 112. № 1. P. 67 - 78. doi: 10.1016/S0016-7878(01)80051-1.    Аннотация
The remote sub-arctic wilderness of Kamchatka contains a line of active volcanoes above the Pacific Ocean plate subduction zone. This guide is based on the itinerary of the 1999 GA excursion to sites around Petropavlovsk. Descriptions cover the Uzon caldera and its Valley of Geysers, and the volcanoes of Avacha, Karimsky, Gorely and Mutnovsky.
Аверьев В.В., Богоявленская Г.Е., Брайцева О.А., Вакин Е.А., Пилипенко Г.Ф. Вулканизм и гидротермы Узон-Семячикского геотермального района на Камчатке // Вулканизм и глубины Земли. Материалы III Всесоюзного вулканологического совещания, 28-31 мая 1969 г., Львов. М.: Наука. 1971. С. 207-211.
Апродов В.А. Вулканы. 1982. 367 с.
Брайцева О.А., Богоявленская Г.Е., Эрлих Э.Н., Пилипенко Г.Ф., Карпов Г.А. Узонско-Семячинский вулканический район // Вулканы и геотермы Камчатки. Материалы IV Всесоюзного вулканологического совещания. 1974. С. 139-191.
Бычков А.Ю. Геохимическая модель современного рудообразования в кальдере Узон (Камчатка). 2009. 124 с.    Аннотация
В работе приводятся результаты исследования современного рудообразования в кальдере Узон (Камчатка). Исследовано строение рудного тела, распределение элементов в разрезах. При помощи оригинальной аппаратуры измерены интенсивные параметры рудообразования: температура, кислотность растворов, окислительно-восстановительный потенциал, активность растворенного сероводорода. Исследовано соотношение дебитов газовой и жидкой фаз и их теплосодержание. На основе природных наблюдений построена термодинамическая модель гидротермального процесса в кальдере Узон, в которой учтены возможные факторы рудообразования: кипение, смешение и охлаждение и окисления. Анализ результатов термодинамического моделирования сопоставлен с данными по минералогической зональности и концентрации форм серы, что позволило установить роль различных факторов рудоотложения в формировании рудной залежи. Предложена новая модель рудоотложения, которая объясняет формирование полного рудного разреза как следствие саморазвития системы в условиях разгрузки термальных вод. Расчетные концентрации растворенных форм серы и рудных компонентов находятся в хорошем согласии с природными данными.

Результаты проведенных работ могут быть полезны при исследовании гидротермальных месторождений и современных геотермальных систем.

The study of present-day hydrothermal ore-forming process in Uzon caldera (Kamchatka, Russia) is reported. The structure of ore body and the distribution components are described. Parameters of ore-forming process (temperature, pH, Eh and activity of dissolved hydrogen sulfide) are measured with original experimental devices. Parameters of gas and liquid phase flow and heat of hydrothermal fluid are studied in details. Base on this investigation results, the thermodynamic model of ore-forming process in Uzon caldera is designed. This model includes several ore-forming mechanisms: boiling, cooling and mixing and oxidization of hydrothermal solution. The analysis of thermodynamic simulation results of is compared with the data on mineralogical data and concentration of forms of sulfur that has allowed establishing a role of various ore-forming factors in ore deposition. The new model of hydrothermal ore process which explains formation of the full ore structure as consequence of self-development of thermal solutions is offered. Calculated concentration of the dissolved forms of sulphur and ore components are in the good consent with the natural data. Results of the spent works can be useful at research of hydrothermal deposits and modern geothermal systems.
Влодавец В.И., Пийп Б.И. Каталог действующих вулканов Камчатки // Бюлл. вулканол. станции. // Бюллетень вулканологических станций. 1957. № 25. С. 5-95.    Аннотация
"Каталог действующих вулканов Камчатки" является сводкой наших знаний на 1 января 1957 г. по действующим вулканам Камчатки.
Вулканизм, гидротермальный процесс и рудообразование / Отв. ред. Набоко С.И. 1974. 264 с.
Гущенко И.И. Извержения вулканов мира. Каталог / Отв. ред. Рудич К.Н. 1979. 476 с.
Действующие вулканы Камчатки. В 2-х т. / Отв. ред. Федотов С.А., Масуренков Ю.П. 1991. Т. 2. 415 с.
http://repo.kscnet.ru/117/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/472/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/473/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/476/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/582/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/687/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/689/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/690/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/691/ [связанный ресурс]
http://repo.kscnet.ru/1180/ [связанный ресурс]
Дневники вулканолога Бориса Пийпа / Отв. ред. Белоусов А.Б., Белоусова М.Г. 2006. 160 с.    Аннотация
Издание посвящается 100-летию со дня рождения Б.И. Пийпа.
В книге впервые публикуются полевые дневники известного советского вулканолога Бориса Ивановича Пийпа (6.11.1906 - 10.03.1966). Описаны путешествия к Авачинскому и Ключевскому вулканам, знаменитое извержение Ключевского вулкана в 1945 г., маршруты в кальдеру Узон. Особый интерес представляет рассказ о "засекреченном" цунами на Курилах и Камчатке в 1952 г.
Дрознин В.А. Новый гейзер в кальдере вулкана Узон // Вестник КРАУНЦ. Серия: Науки о Земле. 2009. Вып. 14. № 2. С. 10-12.




 

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