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Koryaksky Volcano. Bibliography

 
Records: 106
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Melekestsev I.V., Sulerzhitskiy L.D., Bazanova L.I., Braitseva O.A., Florenskaya N.I. Holocene catastrophic lahars at Avacha and Koryakskiy volcanoes in Kamchatka // Volcanology and Seismology. 1996. V. 17. № 4-5. P. 561-570.    Annotation
Remnants of five catastrophic lahars have been discovered, described, and dated by the carbon-14 method. They occurred during eruptions of Avacha (violent explosions with voluminous juvenile pyroclastics) and Koryakskiy (large fissure lava flows): 3500 to 3200 14C years ago or 1900-1500 years B.C. These lahars were much higher in vigor, hazard, and effect on the environment than the lahars generated by the historic eruptions of these volcanoes. -from Journal summary
National Report for the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics 2011–2014 // Geoinf. Res. Papers, 3, BS3011. / Ed. Churikova T.G., Gordeychik B.N., Fedotov S.A. 2015. 185 p. № 10.2205/2015IUGG-RU-IAVCEI.    Annotation
In the present National Report, major results are given of research conducted by Russian scientists in 2011–2014 on the topics of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI) of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics. Kamchatka Peninsula with its famous Klyuchevskaya Group of volcanoes is the most volcanically active area in Russia and one of the most active in the world. Majority of researches and scientific results on Volcanology and Geochemistry of the Earth’s Interior during 2011–2014 were achieved in this region including recent data on new Tolbachik fissure eruption in 2012–2013. Besides it, the scientific results on the magmatism outside Russia, which were achieved by Russian scientists, are also included in this review. Major achievements in the chemistry of the Earth, geothermy, geodynamics, geochronology and deep mantle structure are featured. The studies as for the single volcanoes as well the regional observations are outlined. The theoretical and applied efforts connected to the volcanological processes are considered. The main conclusions are illustrated by summarized figures. All the required references are given.

В данном Национальном отчете представлены основные результаты исследований, проводимых российскими учеными в 2011—2014 гг., по темам, соответствующим направлениям деятельности Международной ассоциации вулканологии и химии недр Земли (МАВХНЗ) Международного геодезического и геофизического союза (МГГС). Полуостров Камчатка с его знаменитой Ключевской группой вулканов являются наиболее вулканически активной областью России и одной из самых активных в мире. Основные результаты исследований по вулканологии и химии недр Земли в 2011—2014 гг. были получены в данном регионе, включая недавние данные по новому трещинному извержению вулкана Толбачик в 2012—2013 гг. Кроме того, в отчет включены полученные российскими учеными научные результаты по магматизму за пределами России. В отчете представлены основные достижения по геохимии, геотермии, геодинамике, геохронологии и глубинному строению мантии. Описаны исследования как для отдельных вулканов, так и для целых регионов. Рассмотрены теоретические прикладные вопросы вулканических процессов. Основные выводы приведены на сводных иллюстрациях. Приведены все требуемые ссылки.
Ponomareva Vera V., Melekestsev Ivan V., Dirksen Oleg V. Sector collapses and large landslides on Late Pleistocene–Holocene volcanoes in Kamchatka, Russia // Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2006. V. 158. № 1-2. P. 117-138. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2006.04.016.    Annotation
On Kamchatka, detailed geologic and geomorphologic mapping of young volcanic terrains and observations on historical eruptions reveal that landslides of various scales, from small (0.001 km3) to catastrophic (up to 20–30 km3), are widespread. Moreover, these processes are among the most effective and most rapid geomorphic agents. Of 30 recently active Kamchatka volcanoes, at least 18 have experienced sector collapses, some of them repetitively. The largest sector collapses identified so far on Kamchatka volcanoes, with volumes of 20–30 km3 of resulting debris-avalanche deposits, occurred at Shiveluch and Avachinsky volcanoes in the Late Pleistocene. During the last 10,000 yr the most voluminous sector collapses have occurred on extinct Kamen' (4–6 km3) and active Kambalny (5–10 km3) volcanoes. The largest number of repetitive debris avalanches (> 10 during just the Holocene) has occurred at Shiveluch volcano. Landslides from the volcanoes cut by ring-faults of the large collapse calderas were ubiquitous. Large failures have happened on both mafic and silicic volcanoes, mostly related to volcanic activity. Orientation of collapse craters is controlled by local tectonic stress fields rather than regional fault systems.

Specific features of some debris avalanche deposits are toreva blocks — huge almost intact fragments of volcanic edifices involved in the failure; some have been erroneously mapped as individual volcanoes. One of the largest toreva blocks is Mt. Monastyr' — a ∼ 2 km3 piece of Avachinsky Somma involved in a major sector collapse 30–40 ka BP.

Long-term forecast of sector collapses on Kliuchevskoi, Koriaksky, Young Cone of Avachinsky and some other volcanoes highlights the importance of closer studies of their structure and stability.
Siebert L., Simkin T. Volcanoes of the World: an Illustrated Catalog of Holocene Volcanoes and their Eruptions. 2013.
Siebert L., Simkin T., Kimberly P. Volcanoes of the World. 2010. 568 p.    Annotation
This impressive scientific resource presents up-to-date information on ten thousand years of volcanic activity on Earth. In the decade and a half since the previous edition was published new studies have refined assessments of the ages of many volcanoes, and several thousand new eruptions have been documented. This edition updates the book's key components: a directory of volcanoes active during the Holocene; a chronology of eruptions over the past ten thousand years; a gazetteer of volcano names, synonyms, and subsidiary features; an extensive list of references; and an introduction placing these data in context. This edition also includes new photographs, data on the most common rock types forming each volcano, information on population densities near volcanoes, and other features, making it the most comprehensive source available on Earth's dynamic volcanism.
VONA/KVERT Information Releases. 2005.
Volcano observatory notification to aviation (VONA/KVERT). 2011.
Адушкин В.В., Зыков Ю.Н., Иванов Б.А. Численное моделирование лавинообразного обрушения вулкана Корякский // Вулканология и сейсмология. 1995. № 6. С. 82-93.
Аникин Л.П., Вергасова Л.П., Максимов А.П., Овсянников А.А., Чубаров В.М. Пеплы извержения Корякского вулкана в 2009 г. // Вулканизм и связанные с ним процессы. Материалы региональной научной конференции, посвящённой Дню вулканолога. Петропавловск-Камчатский, 30 марта - 1 апреля 2011 г. Петропавловск-Камчатский: ИВиС ДВО РАН. 2011. С. 10-14.
Аникин Л.П., Силаев В.И., Чубаров В.М., Петровский В. А., Вергасова Л.П., Карпов Г.А., Сокоренко А.В., Овсянников А.А., Максимов А.П. Алмаз и другие акцессорные минералы в продуктах извержения 2008—2009 гг. Корякского вулкана (Камчатка) // Вестник ИГ Коми НЦ УрО РАН. 2018. № 2. С. 18-27. doi: 10.19110/2221-1381-2018-2-18-27.    Annotation
В статье приведены новые данные об акцессорных минералах в пеплах, образовавшихся при фреатическом извержении вулкана Корякский в 2008—2009 гг. Охарактеризованы формы выделения, состав и свойства гранатов, корунда и дельталюмита, муассанита, сульфидов таллия, самородных металлических и углеродных фаз, включая алмаз, а также предположительно абиогенных конденсированных органических соединений. Особенностью корякских алмазов является очень мелкий размер и кубический габитус, что может свидетельствовать об их кристаллизации из газовой фазы в условиях значительных пересыщений по углероду. Обнаружения в пеплах на Корякском вулкане разнообразных по форме и цвету частиц и нитей конденсированных органических соединений подтверждает ранее сделанный вывод о систематическом неорганическом синтезе на современных вулканах достаточно высокоорганизованных предбиологических форм органического вещества.

The paper provides new data related to the accessory minerals found in ashes from phreatic eruption of Klyuchevskoy volcano in 2008—2009. We characterized form of extraction, composition and specific features of garnet, corundum, deltalumine, muassonite, sulfide thallium, native metal and carbon phases including micro-diamond, and also likely abiogenic condensed organic compound. A feature of the Koryak diamonds is a very small size and a cubic habit, which may indicate their crystallization from the gas phase under conditions of significant super saturation along the carbon. The detection of various particles and filaments of condensed organic compounds in the form and color in the ash of the Koryak volcano confirms the previous conclusion about systematic inorganic synthesis of highly organized prebiological forms of organic matter in modern volcanoes.




 

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