Avachinsky Volcano. Bibliography
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Мелекесцев И.В., Литасова С.Н., Сулержицкий Л.Д. О возрасте и масштабе катастрофических извержений типа направленного взрыва вулкана Авачинский (Камчатка) в позднем плейстоцене // Вулканология и сейсмология. 1991. № 2. С. 3-11.
   Annotation
Through radiocarbon techniques we determir the age (30 000 yrs) of the latest in the Late Pleistocene directed blast at the Avachinsky volca and approximately calculated the age of the previous large catastrophic eruption of the same type (35 00( 40 000 yrs). Coarse debris deposits produced by the eruption originally covered the area of 400 km2 a their volume was 16-20 km3. As a result of these eruptions the relief cardinally changed to the south of t Avachinsky and the lower part of the Avacha river channel was transported to the distance of 6-10 km. 11 believed that in the nearest hundreds of years such blasts will not take place but this forecast does not apply the adjacently located Koryaksky volcano.
Мелекесцев И.В., Селиверстов Н.И., Сенюков С.Л. Информационное сообщение об активизации в октябре 2001 г. вулкана Авачинский на Камчатке и проведенных исследованиях // Вулканология и сейсмология. 2002. № 2. С. 79-80.
Мелекесцев И.В., Сулержицкий Л.Д., Базанова Л.И., Брайцева О.А. Катастрофические голоценовые лахары Авачинского и Корякского вулканов на Камчатке // Вулканология и сейсмология. 1995. № 4-5. С. 172-181.
   Annotation
For the first time, tracks from 5 catastrophic lahars associated with subsynchronously occurring rueptions of the Avachinsky (great explosions with a large volume ejections of juvenile pyroclastics) and Koryaksky (voluminous lateral lava effusions) volcanoes have been found, described and dated by the C-14 method. Their reconstruction has been conducted. The C-14 ages of lahars are from 3500 to 3200 yrs ago, the calendar ages are from 1900 to 1500 BP. These lahars were significantly greater in volume, degree of hazard, and intensity of impact on the natural environment than those triggered by historic (19th - 20th centuries) eruptions from the both volcanoes. In particular, they caused a considerable (1-3 km) SW migration of the Avacha river down-stream channel, the largest waterway in Southern Kamchatka.
Меняйлов А.А. Извержение вулкана Авачи в 1938 г. // Бюллетень вулканологических станций. 1939. № 6. С. 3-20.
Мороз Ю.Ф., Гонтовая Л.И. Глубинное строение Южной Камчатки по геофизическим данным / Геодинамика и вулканизм Курило-Камчатской островодужной системы. Петропавловск-Камчатский: ИВГиГ ДВО РАН. // Геодинамика и вулканизм Курило-Камчатской островодужной системы. Петропавловск-Камчатский: ИВГиГ ДВО РАН. 2001. С. 58-74.
   Annotation
Data of seismological, gravimetric and electromagnetic study are presented. Main peculiarities of deep-seated structure of the earth's crust and upper mantle to the depth of ~90 km have been revealed. Margins of the lithosphere blocks on ground and water area of the Avacha bay have been established. A complex geologic-geophysical model beneath Avachinsky volcano has been developed. It involves crustal magmatic chamber at depth 15 to 25 km, intrusion overlying it, peripheric chamber at depth ~0 to 2 km, and zone saturated with liquid fluids in Avachinsky graben. Major geodynamic processes, which have been operating in the earth's crust at present, are considered. An important role is given to the crustal permeable zone containing fluids. Recommendations are made for the deep well-drilling in the area of Avachinsky volcano with the aim of searching for geothermal deposits.
Мороз Ю.Ф., Гонтовая Л.И. Глубинное строение района Авачинско-Корякской группы вулканов на Камчатке // Вулканология и сейсмология. 2003. № 4. С. 3-10.
   Annotation
Results are presented from gravity, seismic and electromagnetic studies. Main features of the deep structure of the area have been identified. A multidisciplinary geologic-geophysical model has been developed for the crust beneath Avacha Volcano. The model involves a crustal magma chamber at a depth of about 15-25 km, an intrusion that overlies it, and a peripheral chamber under the volcanic cone at 0-2 km depth, as well as a fluid-saturated zone in the Avacha Graben. We discuss possible geodynamic processes that are going on in the crust at present. Importance is attached to the fluid-containing crustal permeable zone. Recommendations are provided for drilling a deep well in the Avacha Graben area to search for a geothermal field.
Мороз Ю.Ф., Логинов В.А. Глубинная геоэлектрическая модель Авачинско-Корякской группы вулканов на Камчатке // Вестник КРАУНЦ. Серия: Науки о Земле. 2019. Вып. 42. № 2. С. 9-24. doi: 10.31431/1816-5524-2019-2-42-9-24.
   Annotation
The article presents the methods and results of the magnetotelluric sounding within the Avacha-Koryaksky group of volcanoes. Geoelectrical section was studied within the period range from 0.0001 to 1000 seconds and above. The authors performed a numerical two-dimensional modeling. Initially, we used test models for possible distortions of curves. The analysis of the magnetotelluric parametres allowed us to characterize the geoelectrical inhomogenuities. Curves along the strike and across the strike were used as main curves. Since longitudinal curves are less prone to coast effect, they were used with transverse curves in order to create a geoelectrical model based on a 2D magnetotelluric field numerical modeling. The created geolectrical model has a conductive bed in the upper part of the section that is connected with an igneous-sedimentary cover. The deep part of the model includes near-vertical conductive zones, which denote a zone with deep faults. The paper describes possible nature of the revealed anomalies and provides rough estimation of rock porosity in the conductive zones.
Набоко С.И. Вулканические эксгаляции и продукты их реакций / Труды Лаборатории вулканологии. М.: Изд-во АН СССР. 1959. Вып. 16. С. 1-303.
Набоко С.И. Современные вулканы и газо-гидротермальная деятельность / Геология СССР. М.: Недра. 1964. Т. 31. С. 303-372.
Новейший и современный вулканизм на территории России / Отв. ред. Лаверов Н.П. М.: Наука. 2005. 604 с.
   Annotation
The actual collective monograph presents the results of both theoretical and experimental studies of the multi-disciplinary problem on volcanic hazard assessment and development of techniques for prediction of catastophic eruptions. The volcanism of Kamchatka and other regions of Russia has been analyzed. On the basis of geological, volcanological and tephrachronological studies including radiocarbon dating, there have been defined certain groups of volcanoes on different stages of evolution. At the same time the problem of determination of the internal structure of volcanic dome using modem theoretical methods and technologies is well investigated. The new techniques of estimation of volcanic hazard were developed. Whenever ti is required, theoretical approaches are confirmed by results of in-field observations.

The book will satisfy the needs of Earth sciences specialists from a variety of backgrounds, volcanology, geo-mechanics, ecology, industrial constuction applications and hazard assessment.