Bazhenova O.K., Arefiev O.A., Frolov E.B. Oil of the volcano Uzon caldera, Kamchatka // Organic Geochemistry. 1998. Vol. 29. № 1–3. P. 421 - 428. doi: 10.1016/S0146-6380(98)00129-6.
There are reported gas chromatography, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and carbon isotopic data on the oils sampled in caldera of the Uzon volcano (East Kamchatka). The Uzon volcano is located in the west of the eastern Kamchatka basin which is made up of thick Paleogene-Neogene sedimentary rocks. Its caldera is made up of lacustrine volcanogenic-sedimentary formations of Pleistocene age (38–70 thousand years), lying on dense basalts. Two samples studied were heavy oils (0.915 g/ml) and contained 2 sulfur; 2.5 paraffin, 9.3 waxes; 1.4 wt olefinic hydrocarbons. Their gas chromatograms show a mono-modal distribution for n-alkanes with a maximum at C18. Pristane/Phytane concentration ratios were measured to be 0.48–0.52. Olefinic hydrocarbons were interpreted to be of hydrothermal origin. Sterane and triterpane biomarkers indicated a low maturation degree and a lacustrine orgin of the initial organic matter. The Uzon oil was found to be isotopically heavy with a δ13C value of −21‰14C isotope was detected, which indicates that recent plant organic matter was significantly involved in oil generation process.
Belousov A., Belousova M., Kozlov D. The distribution of tephra deposits and reconstructing the parameters of 1973 eruption on Tyatya volcano, Kunashir, Kurile Islands // Journal of Volcanology and Seismology. 2017. Vol. 11. № 4. P. 285-294.
Belousov A., Belousova M., Voight B. Tsunamis Generated by Subaquatic Volcanic Explosions: Unique Data from 1996 Eruption in Karymskoye Lake, Kamchatka, Russia // Pure and Applied Geophysics. 2000. Vol. 157. № 6-8. P. 1135-1143. doi:10.1007/s000240050021.
Belousov A.B. The Shiveluch volcanic eruption of 12 November 1964 — explosive eruption provoked by failure of the edifice // Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 1995. Vol. 66. № 1-4. P. 357-365. doi:10.1016/0377-0273(94)00072-O.
Belousov Alexander, Behncke Boris, Belousova Marina Generation of pyroclastic flows by explosive interaction of lava flows with ice/water-saturated substrate // Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 2011. Vol. 202. № 1-2. P. 60-72. doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.01.004.
Belousov Alexander, Belousova Marina Eruptive process, effects and deposits of the 1996 and the ancient basaltic phreatomagmatic eruptions in Karymskoye lake, Kamchatka, Russia
/ Volcaniclastic Sedimentation in Lacustrine Settings. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2001. P. 35-60. doi: 10.1002/9781444304251.ch3.
Belousov Alexander, Belousova Marina Formation of partially submerged tuff ring during the 1996 sublacustrine surtseyan eruption in Karymskoye lake, Kamchatka,Russia // Terra Nostra. International Maar Conference: GeoForschungs Zentrum Potsdam. 2000. Vol. 6. P. 42-52.