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"Вулканолог" исследует подводный факел (О геологических изысканиях научно-исследовательского судна в Тихом океане) (1986)
Авдейко Г.П., Гавриленко Г.М., Черткова Л.В. "Вулканолог" исследует подводный факел (О геологических изысканиях научно-исследовательского судна в Тихом океане) // Природа. 1986. № 7. С. 80-87.
 0
0-650 гг. - этап сильнейшего природного катастрофизма нашей эры на Камчатке (2003)
Мелекесцев И.В., Брайцева О.А., Пономарева В.В., Базанова Л.И., Пинегина Т.К., Дирксен О.В. 0-650 гг. - этап сильнейшего природного катастрофизма нашей эры на Камчатке // Вулканология и сейсмология. 2003. Вып. 6. № 6. С. 3-23.    Аннотация
Впервые выделен и описан этап сильнейшего в нашей эре многофакторного природного катастро-физма на Камчатке, датированный 0-650 гг. Его главными компонентами были: последние к настоящему времени катастрофические извержения (кальдерообразующее -240 г., объем пирокластики 18-19 км3, и субкальдерное -600 г., объем лавы и пирокластики 9.5-10.5 км3), которые сопровождались необратимыми изменениями рельефа на площадях в сотни км2 и оказали весьма негативное влияние на многие другие компоненты природной среды.; исключительно интенсивная активность других вулканов (извергалось не менее 75-80% всех действующих и потенциально активных вулканов Камчатки, произошли десятки сильных и катастрофических извержений); региональные катастрофические и сильные пеплопады; резкое, с большой амплитудой (от 1.5-2 до 12-15 м), тектоническое поднятие различных блоков на территории Камчатки; мощные землетрясения, сопровождавшиеся болыиеобъемными скальными обвалами, оползнями, сильными и частыми цунами. Допускается, что катастрофические события этого времени являются составной частью предполагаемого нами глобального этапа природного катастрофизма начала нашей эры.

We have identified, and describe in this paper, a phase of multifactor natural catastrophism that has been the greatest during our era in Kamchatka, to be dated 0-650 A. D. Its chief components were. The last catastrophic eruptions to have occurred (a caldera-generating one at about 240 A. D., the pyroclastics volume being 18-19 km3 and a subcaldera one around 600 A. D. with the volume of lava and pyroclastics 9.5-10.5 km3) which were followed by irreversible relief changes over areas of hundreds of square kilometers and have affected rather injuriously many other environmental components. An exceptionally intensive activity of the other volcanoes (at least 75-80% of all active and potebtially active Kamchatkan volcanoes were erupting, tens of large and catastrophic eruptions occurred). Regional catastrophic and large ashfalls. A sharp, large-amplitude (between 1.5-2 and 12-15 m) tectonic uplift of various blocks in Kamchatka. Large earthquakes accompanied by large-volume rockfalls, landslides, large and frequent tsunamis. The catastrophic events of that time are argued to have been part of a worldwide phase of natural catastrophism that we hypothesize to have occurred at the beginning of our era.
http://www.kscnet.ru/ivs/bibl/vulk/ob/st0-650.pdf [связанный ресурс]
 1
1977-2010 Activity of Bezymianny Volcano (2011)
Girina O.A. 1977-2010 Activity of Bezymianny Volcano // Abstracts. International Workshop “JKASP-7”. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. August 25-30. 2011. 2011. P. 54
1998 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory (2003)
McGimsey R.G., Neal C.A., Girina O.A. 1998 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory // Open-File Report 2004-1033. U.S. Department of the Interior. USGS. 2003. 35 p.    Аннотация
In 1998 the Alaska Volcano Observatory responded to eruptive activity or suspect volcanic activity at 7 volcanic centers--Shrub mud, Augustine, Becharof Lake area, Chiginagak, Shishaldin, Akutan, and Korovin.

In addition to responding to eruptive activity at Alaska volcanoes, AVO also disseminated information for the Kamchatkan Volcanic Eruption Response Team about the 1998 activity of 4 Russian volcanoes-Sheveluch, Klyuchevskoy, Bezymianny, and Karymsky.
1999 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of The Alaska Volcano Observatory (2004)
McGimsey R.G., Neal C.A., Girina O.A. 1999 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of The Alaska Volcano Observatory // Open-File Report 2004-1033. U.S.Department of the Interior. USGS. 2004. 45 p.
 2
2001 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory (2004)
McGimsey R.G., Neal C.A., Girina O.A. 2001 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory // Open-File Report 2004-1453. U.S. Department of the Interior. USGS. 2004. 53 p.
2002 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory (2004)
Neal C.A., McGimsey R.G., Girina O.A. 2002 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory // Open-File Report 2004-1058. U.S. Department of the Interior. USGS. 2004. 55 p.
2003 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory (2005)
McGimsey R.G., Neal C.A., Girina O.A. 2003 Volcanic Activity in Alaska and Kamchatka: Summary of Events and Response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory // Open-File Report 2005-1310. U.S. Department of the Interior. USGS. 2005. 58 p.
2006-2008 Eruptions of Bezymianny Volcano (2009)
Girina O.A., Carter A.J. 2006-2008 Eruptions of Bezymianny Volcano // Mitigating natural hazards in active arc environments. Abstracts. 6rd Biennial Workshop on Japan- Kamchatka-Alaska Subduction Processes (JKASP-2009). Fairbanks. June 22-26. Fairbanks: 2009. С. 75
2009 Volcanic activity in Alaska, Kamchatka, and the Kurile Islands—Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory (2014)
McGimsey R.G., Neal C.A., Girina O.A., Chibisova M.V., Rybin A.V. 2009 Volcanic activity in Alaska, Kamchatka, and the Kurile Islands—Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory // U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013–5213. U.S.G.S.. 2014. 125 p.    Аннотация
The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) responded to eruptions, possible eruptions, volcanic unrest, and reports of unusual activity at or near eight separate volcanic centers in Alaska during 2009. The year was highlighted by the eruption of Redoubt Volcano, one of three active volcanoes on the western side of Cook Inlet and near south-central Alaska's population and commerce centers, which comprise about 62 percent of the State's population of 710,213 (2010 census). AVO staff also participated in hazard communication and monitoring of multiple eruptions at ten volcanoes in Russia as part of its collaborative role in the Kamchatka and Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Teams.
2010 Volcanic activity in Alaska, Kamchatka, and the Kurile Islands: Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory (2014)
Neal C.A., Herrick J.A., Girina O.A., Chibisova M.V., Rybin A.V., McGimsey R.G., Dixon J. 2010 Volcanic activity in Alaska, Kamchatka, and the Kurile Islands: Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014-5034. 2014. 76 p.    Аннотация
The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) responded to eruptions, possible eruptions, volcanic unrest or suspected unrest at 12 volcanic centers in Alaska during 2010. The most notable volcanic activity consisted of intermittent ash emissions from long-active Cleveland volcano in the Aleutian Islands. AVO staff also participated in hazard communication regarding eruptions or unrest at seven volcanoes in Russia as part of an ongoing collaborative role in the Kamchatka and Sakhalin Volcanic Eruption Response Teams.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145034 [связанный ресурс]
2015-2016 Activity of Kamchatkan and Northern Kuriles Volcanoes (Russia) and Danger to Aviation (2016)
Gordeev E.I., Girina O.A., Manevich A.G., Melnikov D.V., Nuzhdaev A.A. 2015-2016 Activity of Kamchatkan and Northern Kuriles Volcanoes (Russia) and Danger to Aviation // 9th Biennial Workshop on Japan-Kamchatka-Alaska Subduction Processes (JKASP 2016). Fairbanks, Alaska: UAF. 2016. P. 93-94.
 3
300 лет жизни камчатских вулканов: Молодой Шивелуч (анализ динамики и последствий эруптивной активности в XVII-XX вв.). Часть I. 1650-1964 гг. (2003)
Мелекесцев И.В., Двигало В.Н., Кирсанова Т.П., Пономарева В.В., Певзнер М.М. 300 лет жизни камчатских вулканов: Молодой Шивелуч (анализ динамики и последствий эруптивной активности в XVII-XX вв.). Часть I. 1650-1964 гг. // Вулканология и сейсмология. 2003. № 5. С. 3-19.    Аннотация
В первой из серии статей "300 лет жизни камчатских вулканов" рассмотрена и проанализирована 350-летняя история эруптивной активности вулкана Молодой Шивелуч - самого северного из действующих вулканических аппаратов на Камчатке, реконструированная на основе исторических документов и сведений, результатов геолого-вулканологических исследований и тефрохронологического датирования с использованием 14С метода. Установлены типы, параметры, геолого-геоморфологический эффект его извержений, их воздействие на окружающую среду, оценены объем и вес изверженных и перемещенных пород, продуктивность вулкана. С 1964 г. размеры возникших вулканических форм, динамика их роста и разрушения, объем изверженных пород определялись с помощью методов фотограмметрии. Часть I. 1650-1964 гг.

The present paper, the first in the serives "The 300 Years of Kamchatka Volcanoes", examines the 350-year eruptive history of Young Shiveluch Volcano, which is the northernmost of the active volcanic edifices in Kamchatka; the history was reconstructed from historical documents and evidence, results of geological volcanological research and tephrochronologic dating using the 14C method. The results include the types, parameters, geologic-geomorphologic effect of the volcano's eruptions, environmental impact, estimated volume and weight of erupted and displaced material, the volcano's discharge rate. Since 1964 the dimensions of the new volcanic forms, the dynamics of their growth and decay, and the volume of ejecta were found using photogrammetric techniques. Part I. 1650-1964.
300 лет жизни камчатских вулканов: Молодой Шивелуч (анализ динамики и последствий эруптивной активности в XVII-XX вв.). Часть II. 1965-2000 гг. (2004)
Мелекесцев И.В., Двигало В.Н., Кирсанова Т.П., Пономарева В.В., Певзнер М.М. 300 лет жизни камчатских вулканов: Молодой Шивелуч (анализ динамики и последствий эруптивной активности в XVII-XX вв.). Часть II. 1965-2000 гг. // Вулканология и сейсмология. 2004. № 1. С. 5-24.    Аннотация
В первой из серии статей "300 лет жизни камчатских вулканов" рассмотрена и проанализирована 350-летняя история эруптивной активности вулкана Молодой Шивелуч - самого северного из действующих вулканических аппаратов на Камчатке, реконструированная на основе исторических документов и сведений, результатов геолого-вулканологических исследований и тефрохронологического датирования с использованием 14С метода. Установлены типы, параметры, геолого-геоморфологический эффект его извержений, их воздействие на окружающую среду, оценены объем, вес изверженных и перемещенных пород, продуктивность вулкана. С 1964 г. размеры возникших вулканических форм, динамика их роста и разрушения, объем изверженных пород определялись с помощью методов фотограмметрии. Часть II. 1965-2000 гг.

The first paper in the series “The 300 Years of Kamchatka Volcanoes” has examined the 350-year eruptive history of Young Shiveluch Volcano, which is the northernmost of the active volcanic edifices in Kamchatka: the history was reconstructed from historical documents and evidences, results of geological volcanological research and tephrochronologic dating as well as the 14C method. The results include the types, parameters, geologic-geomorphologic effect of the volcano’s eruptions, environmental impact, estimated volume and weight of erupted and redeposited material, the volcano’s discharge rate. Since 1964 the sizes of the new volcanic forms, the dynamics of their growth and destruction, and the volume of ejecta were calculated using photogram-metric techniques. Part II. 1965-2000.
 4
400 years of climatic change in Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia: paleoglaciologic, tree-ring and ice-core evidance (2002)
Muravyev Y.D., Shiraiwa T. 400 years of climatic change in Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia: paleoglaciologic, tree-ring and ice-core evidance // Proceedings International Workshop. Matsuyama, Japan, 2002. 2002. P. 76-91.
 7
75 лет со дня рождения А.Н. Заварицкого (1959)
Горшков Г.С., Соболев В.С. 75 лет со дня рождения А.Н. Заварицкого // Минералогический сборник. 1959. № 13.
 A
A 210Pb–226Ra–230Th–238U study of Klyuchevskoy and Bezymianny volcanoes, Kamchatka (2006)
Turner S.P., Sims K.W.W., Reagan M.K. A 210Pb–226Ra–230Th–238U study of Klyuchevskoy and Bezymianny volcanoes, Kamchatka // Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2006. V. 70. № 18, Su. P. A661 doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2006.06.1234.    Аннотация
Klyuchevskoy is one of the most active volcanoes on Earth, erupting lavas at a rate of ∼1 m3/s, equivalent to a 50 km length of mid-ocean ridge. Bezymianny is located 20 km south of the summit vent of Klyuchevskoy and has been erupting silicic andesites since its spectacular avalanche eruption in 1956. Major and trace element concentrations and long-lived radiogenic isotope data suggest that basalts and basaltic andesites from Klyuchevskoy and andesites from Bezymianny were derived by different degrees of partial melting of nearly identical mantle sources. Lavas with higher SiO2 concentrations represent the differentiation products of lower degrees of melting after the mantle was fluxed with a fluid derived almost entirely from subducted altered basaltic crust with little or no sediment contribution. The higher SiO2 concentrations for lavas derived from smaller degree melts suggest that they underwent more fractionation because of the loss of their higher water contents. High Th isotope compositions for all lavas from both volcanoes suggest that a significant time transpired between U addition by a slab-fluid and melting. If the excess 226Ra in the lavas is from the slab-fluid, then long term multistage fluxing before melting is required to maintain these 226Ra excesses. An alternative model attributes the excess Ra to melting caused by upwelling mantle in association with rifting of the central Kamchatka depression. The greater Ra excess for Klyuchevskoi’s basaltic andesites compared to its basalts is consistent with generation of the Ra excesses during decompression melting, and a less than few thousand year time frame of differentiation after melting. The lower Ra excesses for Bezymianny’s andesites compared to the more mafic lavas suggest a time frame of fractionation that is longer than this by several thousand years. When time since eruption is accounted for, all samples have (210Pb/226Ra) within 2σ analytical error of one, suggesting that significant long-term gas fluxing of 222Rn into or out of both magma systems has not occurred.
A 210Pb–226Ra–230Th–238U study of Klyuchevskoy and Bezymianny volcanoes, Kamchatka (2007)
Turner Simon, Sims Kenneth W.W., Reagan Mark, Cook Craig A 210Pb–226Ra–230Th–238U study of Klyuchevskoy and Bezymianny volcanoes, Kamchatka // Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 2007. V. 71. № 19. P. 4771 - 4785. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2007.08.006.    Аннотация
Lavas from Klyuchevskoy and Bezymianny volcanoes, Kamchatka, appear to show a link between the extent of partial melting in their mantle source region and the subsequent degree of fractionation suffered by the magmas during passage through the crust. This fractionation may have occurred on timescales significantly less than 1000 years if observed 226Ra excesses largely reflect variable residual porosity in the source melting region. Unlike most arc lavas, those with the highest MgO contents and Ba/Th ratios have the lowest 226Ra excess. Forward models suggest that those portions of the source which had undergone the greatest addition of U by fluids from the subducting plate also underwent the greatest extents of partial melting at the highest residual porosity. At Kluchevskoy, a change from eruption of high-MgO to high-Al2O3 basaltic andesites around 1945 is reflected in an increase in size of 226Ra excess which seems to require a simultaneous decrease in residual porosity and suggests a rapid changes in the melting regime. The eruption of andesites at Bezyminanny, simultaneous with the eruption of basaltic andesites at Klyuchevskoy, further suggests that different degree melts produced at differing residual porosity can be formed and extracted from the melt region at the same time. Thus, the melting processes beneath Klyuchevskoy and Bezyminanny are demonstrably complex. They have clearly been influenced by both fluid addition from the subducting plate and extension and decompression beneath the Central Kamchatka Depression. Finally, the 210Pb data are, with one or two exceptions, in equilibrium with 226Ra, suggesting that there was restricted relative magma-gas movement in this highly productive magmatic system.
A Model for Klyuchevskoy Volcano Activity from Geodelical and Seismological Data (1988)
Zharinov N.A., Fedotov S.A., Gorelchik V.I. A Model for Klyuchevskoy Volcano Activity from Geodelical and Seismological Data // Kagoshima International Conference on Volcanoes: Proceedings of the International Conference on Volcanoes, Japan, Kagoshima, 19-23 July 1988. Kagoshima: Kagoshima Prefectural Government. 1988. P. 71-74.
A New Estimate of Gas Emissions from Ebeko Volcano, Kurile Islands (2016)
Melnikov Dmitry, Malik N., Kotenko T., Inguaggiato Salvatore, Zelenski M. A New Estimate of Gas Emissions from Ebeko Volcano, Kurile Islands // Goldschmidt Conference. 26 June - 1 July, Yokohama, Japan. 2016. P. 2047    Аннотация
Concentrations and emission rates of major gas species were measured in August 2015 at Ebeko volcano, a quiescently degassing andesitic volcano on Paramushir Island, Northern Kuriles. Using mobile and scanning DOAS measurements we estimated SO 2 emission from the active crater of the volcano at 100 +36/-15 t/d. Based on the comparison of plume areas of individual fumaroles, ca. 90% of the total gas emission from Ebeko in 2015 was provided by a single powerful vent (" Active Funnel " fumarole) and the rest was shared among low-temperature fumaroles. At the time of measurements, gases from the main fumarole had temperature from 420 to 490 °C and composition close to the average arc gas [1], as shown in Table. Gas species CO2 SO2 H2S HCl H2O T, °C mmol/mol Main fumarole 27.9 23.5 6.1 5.6 936 420 Low-temp. jets 92.2 2.62 0.68 1.6 902 <120 Low-temperature fumaroles (<120 °C) emitted gas enriched in CO 2 (up to 28 mol%, 9.2 mol% on average). Such CO 2 enrichment together with depletion in HCl and sulfur species can be explained by scrubbing of soluble gas species by a well-developed hydrothermal system which discharges ultra-acid SO 4-Cl waters [2]. A weighted-average estimate of the total gas+vapor emission from the Ebeko summit provided 1470 t/d, which includes ~ 101 t/d SO2, ~ 110 t/d CO2, ~ 14 t/d H2S and HCl, and 1230 t/d of water vapour with > 50% of the magmatic component. The gas fluxes measured in August 2015 using DOAS fall into the range of previous measurements made from 1960 to 2012 that used direct methods [2] and correspond to the moderate degassing rate of the volcano.





 

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