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Records: 2608
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Seismicity observed during the precursory process and the actual eruption of Kizimen Volcano, Kamchatka in 2009-2013 (2014)
Firstov P.P., Shakirova A.A. Seismicity observed during the precursory process and the actual eruption of Kizimen Volcano, Kamchatka in 2009-2013 // Journal of Volcanology and Seismology. 2014. Vol. 8. № 4. P. 203-217. doi: 10.1134/S0742046314040022.
   Annotation
Kizimen Volcano began to erupt in December 2010. The eruption was preceded by a precursory period of seismicity that lasted for 20 months. This paper discusses the space-time features of the precursory seismicity. We provide a brief description of this explosive and effusive eruption between December 2010 and March 2013. The eruption started with some explosive activity followed by extrusion of a viscous lava flow. The extrusion of viscous andesitic magma and the motion of the lava flow down the slope were accompanied by unusual seismicity in the form of the quasiperiodic occurrence of microearthquakes, the so-called drumbeat phenomenon. It is shown that the occurrence of a drumbeat was first recorded during the extrusion process at the volcano's summit. Subsequently, the drumbeat mode of activity was caused by the front of the viscous lava flow as it was moving down the slope. The dynamic parameters of the microearthquakes varied in accordance with the dimensions of the lava flow front. The motion of the main tongue of the lava flow (March to September 2011) gave rise to drumbeat I with energy classes of microearthquakes K = 3-5.5, while the second tongue, which was smaller than the first, produced drumbeat II with microearthquakes of K < 3 during its motion down the slope. In January 2013 we saw a phenomenon similar to the drumbeat that was recorded at the start of the eruption. This was caused by an obelisk being extruded at the volcano's summit. В© 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Seismological Studies on the Mechanism of the Large Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, 1975-1976 (1980)
Fedotov S.A., Gorelchik V.I., Stepanov V.V. Seismological Studies on the Mechanism of the Large Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, 1975-1976 // Bulletin Volcanologique. 1980. Vol. 43. № 1. P. 73-84.
   Annotation
Seismological observations provided consistent information on the course and mechanism of the complicated large fissure eruption at Tolbachik volcano in Kamchatka from July 6, 1975 to December 10, 1976. Seismicity indicates that the initial magnesian basalts were rising ten days before the eruption from depths of more than 20 km. The formation of new feeding dykes was accompanied by earthquake swarms which decreased sharply one to two days before the opening of new eruptive fissures. The seismological data indicate that the main source of the different erupted basalts (2 km) was a vast system (diameter ca. 80 km) of hydraulically connected magma
chambers located in the lower crustal layers or in the crust-mantle transition layer.
Shiveluch volcano: seismicity, deep structure and forecasting eruptions (Kamchatka) (1997)
Gorelchik V.I., Shirokov V.A., Firstov P.P., Chubarova O.S. Shiveluch volcano: seismicity, deep structure and forecasting eruptions (Kamchatka) // Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. 1997. Vol. 78. № 1–2. P. 121 - 137. doi: 10.1016/S0377-0273(96)00108-4.
   Annotation
The deep structure, Wadati-Benioff zone (focal zone) geometry and the magma feeding system of Shiveluch volcano are investigated based on 1962–1994 detailed seismic surveillance. A focal zone beneath Shiveluch is dipping at an angle of 70° at depths of 100–200 km. Based on the revealed interrelations between seismicity at depths of 105–120 km and an extrusive phase of its eruptions in 1980 through 1994, it is inferred that primary magmas, periodically feeding the crustal chamber, are melted at depths of at least 100 km. An upsurge of extrusive-explosive activity at the volcano is preceded and accompanied by the increasing number and energy of both volcanic earthquakes beneath the dome and tectonic or volcano-tectonic earthquakes in the zones of NW-striking crustal faults near the volcano.The eruption of April 1993 has been the most powerful since 1964. It was successfully predicted based on interactive use of all seismic data. At the same time the influence of seismicity at depths of 105–120 km under the volcano on the style (and consequently on prediction) of its activity is decisive.
Small but important: new data about activity and composition of Zarechny volcano (Central Kamchatka depression) (2018)
Gorbach N.V., Ponomareva V.V., Pendea I. Florin, Portnyagin M.V. Small but important: new data about activity and composition of Zarechny volcano (Central Kamchatka depression) // 10th Biennual workshop on Japan-Kamchatka-Alaska subduction processes (JKASP-2018). Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia, August 20-26. 2018. P. 83-85.
Software platform for volcano video monitoring (2018)
Korolev S.P., Romanova I.M., Girina O.A., Sorokin A.A., Malkovsky S.I., Urmanov I.P. Software platform for volcano video monitoring // 10th Biennual workshop on Japan-Kamchatka-Alaska subduction processes (JKASP-2018). Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia, August 20-26. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: IVS FEB RAS. 2018. P. 117-119.
Solubility of H2O- and CO2-bearing fluids in tholeiitic basalts at pressures up to 500 MPa (2010)
Shishkina T.A., Botcharnikov R.E., Holtz F., Almeev R.R., Portnyagin M.V. Solubility of H2O- and CO2-bearing fluids in tholeiitic basalts at pressures up to 500 MPa // Chemical Geology. 2010. Vol. 277. № 1–2. P. 115 - 125. doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.07.014.
   Annotation
The solubility of H2O- and CO2-bearing fluids in tholeiitic basalts has been investigated experimentally at temperature of 1250 °C and pressures of 50, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 MPa. The concentrations of dissolved H2O and CO2 have been determined using FTIR spectroscopy with an accurate calibration of the absorption coefficients for hydrogen- and carbon-bearing species using synthesized standards of the same tholeiitic composition. The absorption coefficients are 0.65 ± 0.08 and 0.69 ± 0.08 L/(mol cm) for molecular H2O and OH groups by Near-Infrared (NIR), respectively, and 68 ± 10 L/(mol cm) for bulk H2O by Mid-Infrared (MIR). The carbonate groups determined by MIR have an absorption coefficient of 317 ± 23 L/(mol cm) for the band at 1430 cm−1.The solubility of H2O in the melt in equilibrium with pure H2O fluid increases from about 2.3 ± 0.12 wt.% at 50 MPa to about 8.8 ± 0.16 wt.% at 500 MPa, whereas the concentration of CO2 increases from about 175 ± 15 to 3318 ± 276 ppm in the melts which were equilibrated with the most CO2-rich fluids (with mole fraction of CO2 in the fluid, XflCO2, from 0.70 to 0.95). In melts coexisting with H2O- and CO2-bearing fluids, the concentrations of dissolved H2O and CO2 in basaltic melt show a non-linear dependence on both total pressure and mole fraction of volatiles in the equilibrium fluid, which is in agreement with previous studies. A comparison of new experimental data with existing numerical solubility models for mixed H2O–CO2 fluids shows that the models do not adequately predict the solubility of volatiles in basaltic liquids at pressures above 200 MPa, in particular for CO2, implying that the models need to be recalibrated.

The experimental dataset presented in this study enables a quantitative interpretation of volatile concentrations in glass inclusions to evaluate the magma storage conditions and degassing paths of natural island arc basaltic systems. The experimental database covers the entire range of volatile compositions reported in the literature for natural melt inclusions in olivine from low- to mid-K basalts indicating that most melt inclusions were trapped or equilibrated at intermediate to shallow levels in magmatic systems (< 12–15 km).
Some Procedural Aspects of Comprehensive Prediction of Flank Eruptions of Klyuchevskoi Volcano (Kamchatka) (1989)
Shirokov V.A. Some Procedural Aspects of Comprehensive Prediction of Flank Eruptions of Klyuchevskoi Volcano (Kamchatka) // Volcanology and Seismology. 1989. Vol. 7. № 6. P. 921-942.
Some result of seismometric investigations at the Kamchatka Volcanological Station (1960)
Gorshkov G.S. Some result of seismometric investigations at the Kamchatka Volcanological Station // Bulletin Volcanologique. 1960. Vol. 23. № 2. P. 121-128.
Sources and Fluids in the Mantle Wedge below Kamchatka, Evidence from Across-arc Geochemical Variation (2001)
Churikova T., Dorendorf F., Wörner G. Sources and Fluids in the Mantle Wedge below Kamchatka, Evidence from Across-arc Geochemical Variation // Journal of Petrology. 2001. Vol. 42. № 8. P. 1567-1593. doi:10.1093/petrology/42.8.1567.
   Annotation
Major and trace element and Sr–Nd–Pb isotopic variations in mafic volcanic rocks hve been studied in a 220 km transect across the Kamchatka arc from the Eastern Volcanic Front, over the Central Kamchatka Depression to the Sredinny Ridge in the back-arc. Thirteen volcanoes and lava fields, from 110 to 400 km above the subducted slab, were sampled. This allows us to characterize spatial variations and the relative amount and composition of the slab fluid involved in magma genesis. Typical Kamchatka arc basalts, normalized for fractionation to 6% MgO, display a strong increase in large ion lithophile, light rare earth and high field strength elements from the arc front to the back-arc. Ba/Zr and Ce/Pb ratios, however, are nearly constant across the arc, which suggests a similar fluid input for Ba and Pb. La/Yb and Nb/Zr increase from the arc front to the back-arc. Rocks from the Central Kamchatka Depression range in 87Sr/86Sr from 0·70334 to 0·70366, but have almost constant Nd isotopic compositions (143Nd/144Nd 0·51307–0·51312). This correlates with the highest U/Th ratios in these rocks. Pb-isotopic ratios are mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB)-like but decrease slightly from the volcanic front to the back-arc. The initial mantle source ranged from N-MORB-like in the volcanic front and Central Kamchatka Depression to more enriched in the back-arc. This enriched component is similar to an ocean-island basalt (OIB) source. Variations in (CaO)6·0–(Na2O)6·0 show that degree of melting decreases from the arc front to the Central Kamchatka Depression and remains constant from there to the Sredinny Ridge. Calculated fluid compositions have a similar trace element pattern across the arc, although minor differences are implied. A model is presented that quantifies the various mantle components (variably depleted N-MORB-mantle and enriched OIB-mantle) and the fluid compositions added to this mantle wedge. The amount of fluid added ranges from 0·7 to 2·1%. The degree of melting changes from ∼20% at the arc front to <10% below the back-arc region. The rocks from volcanoes of the northern part of the Central Kamchatka Depression—to the north of the transect considered in this study—are significantly different in their trace element compositions compared with the other rocks of the transect and their source appears to have been enriched by a component derived from melting of the edge of the ruptured slab.
Space-Time and Dinamic Characteristics of Earthquakes Associated with the 1974 Eruption of Klyuchevskoi (1989)
Gorelchik V.I., Levina V.I. Space-Time and Dinamic Characteristics of Earthquakes Associated with the 1974 Eruption of Klyuchevskoi // Volcanology and Seismology. 1989. Vol. 7. № 6. P. 943-974.