Bibliography
Volcano:
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Records: 2300
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The history reconstruction of volcanic activity in the Tolbachik regional zone of scoria cones deduced from detalled tephra and geochronological investications (1983)
Braitseva O.A., Melekestsev I.V., Ponomareva V.V., Litasova S.N. The history reconstruction of volcanic activity in the Tolbachik regional zone of scoria cones deduced from detalled tephra and geochronological investications // Arc Volcanism: Physics and Tectonics. Proceedings of a 1981 IAVCEI Symposium, Arc Volcanism, August-September, 1981, Tokyo and Hakone. Tokyo: Terra Scientific Publishing Co. 1983. P. 47-48.
The initial plinian basic andesite eruptions of the young cone, Avachinsky volcano (Kamchatka) (2004)
Puzankov M.Yu., Bazanova L.I., Maximov A.P., Moskalyova S.V. The initial plinian basic andesite eruptions of the young cone, Avachinsky volcano (Kamchatka) // IV International Biennial Workshop on Subduction Processes emphasizing the Japan-Kurile-Kamchatka-Aleutian Arcs. August 21-27, 2004, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. 2004. P. 158-160.
The large fissure eruption in the region of Plosky Tolbachik volcano in Kamchatka, 1975–1976 (1980)
Fedotov S.A., Chirkov A.M. The large fissure eruption in the region of Plosky Tolbachik volcano in Kamchatka, 1975–1976 // Bulletin Volcanologique. 1980. V. 43. № 1. P. 47-60. doi: 10.1007/BF02597610.    Annotation
The paper describes the course of the Large Tolbachik fissure eruption taking place in Kamchatka from July 6, 1975 to December 10, 1976. The eruption zone extended for 30 km. The formation of monogenic scoria cones nearly 300 m high, lava tubes and basalt sheets up to 80 m thick and more than 40 km2 in area and subsidence of the Plosky Tolbachik summit caldera to a depth of more than 400 m were observed during the eruption. The volume of eruption products amounted to more than 2 km3. It was the largest basalt eruption which has taken place in the Kurile-Kamchatka volcanic belt in historic time.
The last caldera-forming eruption in Kamchatka: Ksudach volcano, 1700-1800 14C-years ago (1995)
Braitseva O.A., Melekestsev I.V., Ponomareva V.V., Kirianov V.Yu. The last caldera-forming eruption in Kamchatka: Ksudach volcano, 1700-1800 14C-years ago // Volcanology and Seismology. 1995. V. 17. № 2. P. 147-168.    Annotation
A catastrophic explosive eruption occurred 1700-1800 14C-years ago at Ksudach Volcano in Kamchatka. It was one of the AD greatest Plinian-type eruptions. It erupted 18-19 km3 of pyroclastic material and produced a collapse caldera 4 × 6.5 km in size and 6.5-7 km3 in volume. The eruptive column rose to a height of 23 km. It was the last caldera-forming eruption in the Kuril-Kamchatka region. It resembled an eruption that occurred at Krakatau in 1883 in type and size. The eruption was bound to have a climatic impact, impaired the Earth's ozone layer, and produced an acid peak in the Greenland ice sheet. -from Journal summary
The lava flows of Bezymianny volcano, Kamchatka (2004)
Ladygin V.М., Girina O.A., Frolova Yu.V., Kondrashov I.A. The lava flows of Bezymianny volcano, Kamchatka // 4rd International Biennial Workshop on Subduction Processes emphasizing the Japan-Kurile-Kamchatka-Aleutian Arcs, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, August 21-27, 2004. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: IVS FED RAS. 2004. P. 63-64.
The magmatic melts evolution of Gorely volcano (Kamchatka) (2004)
Gavrilenko M.G, Ozerov A.Yu., Kyle P., Meshalkin V. The magmatic melts evolution of Gorely volcano (Kamchatka) // 32nd International Geological Congress. Florence, Italy. 2004, Abstracts. 2004. V. Part 1. P. 407
The magmatic system of the Klyuchevskaya group of volcanoes inferred from data on its eruptions, earthquakes, deformation, and deep structure (2010)
Fedotov S.A., Zharinov N.A., Gontovaya L.I. The magmatic system of the Klyuchevskaya group of volcanoes inferred from data on its eruptions, earthquakes, deformation, and deep structure // Journal of Volcanology and Seismology. 2010. Т. 4. № 1. С. 1-33. doi:10.1134/S074204631001001X.    Annotation
Abstract-The study of magmatic plumbing systems of volcanoes (roots of volcanoes) is one of the main tasks facing volcanology. One major object of this research is the Klyuchevskaya group of volcanoes (KGV), in Kamchatka, which is the greatest such group that has been found at any island arc and subduction zone. We summarize the comprehensive research that has been conducted there since 1931. Several conspicuous results derived since the 1960s have been reported, emerging from the study of magma sources, eruptions, earthquakes, deformation, and the deep structure for the KGV. Our discussion of these subjects incorporates the data of physical volcanology relating to the mechanism of volcanic activity and data from petrology as to magma generation. The following five parts can be distinguished in the KGV plumbing system and the associated geophysical model: the source of energy and material at the top of the Pacific Benioff zone at a depth of about 160 km, the region of magma ascent in the asthenosphere. the region of magma storage in the crust-mantle layer at depths of 40-25 km,
magma chambers and channelways in the crust, and the bases of volcanic edifices. We discuss and explain the properties of and the relationships between these parts and the mechanisms of volcanic activity and of the KGV plumbing system as they exist today. Methods for calculating magma chambers and conduits, the amount of magma in the system, and its other properties are available.

Изучение магматических питающих систем вулканов, корней вулканов, является одной из основных задач вулканологии. К числу главных объектов таких исследований принадлежит Ключевская группа вулканов (КГВ) наиболее мощная на островных дугах и в зонах поддвига литосферных плит. Сообщается о всесторонних исследованиях, которые ведутся здесь с 1931 г. Приводится ряд показательных результатов, полученных с 1960-х годов при изучении источников магм, извержений, землетрясений, деформаций и глубинного строения КГВ. При их рассмотрении учитываются данные физической вулканологии о механизме вулканической деятельности и данные петрологии о формировании магм. В магматической питающей системе КГВ и ее геофизической модели выделяются следующие пять частей: источник энергии и вещества у верхней границы тихоокеанского сейсмофокального на глубине около 160 км, область подъема магм в астеносфере, область накопления магм в коромантийном слое на глубинах 40-25 км, магматические очаги и каналы в земной коре, основания построек вулканов. Рассматриваются и объясняются свойства, связь этих частей, механизм деятельности вулканов и магматической питающей системы КГВ в ее современном состоянии. Имеются способы расчета магматических каналов, очагов, количества магмы в системе и других ее свойств.
The mechanism of basaltic explosions: Experimental modeling (2010)
Ozerov A.Yu. The mechanism of basaltic explosions: Experimental modeling // Journal of Volcanology and Seismology. 2010. V. 4. № 5. P. 295-309. doi: 10.1134/S0742046310050015.    Annotation
An instrument package for simulating basaltic eruptions (IPSBE) with a height of 18 m has been developed for investigating the processes that occur during Strombolian eruptions. The device follows the geometrical ratio between the actual plumbing system of a volcano, with the ratio of conduit diameter to conduit height being 1 to 1000. For the first time in physical modeling studies, we created conditions in which a moving gassaturated model liquid enters the conduit; this enabled us to study bubble nucleation, expansion, and coalescence, the generation and transformation of gas structures, and the kinetic features shown by the evolution of the gas phase. These experiments revealed a novel (previously unknown) flow pattern of two phase mixtures in a vertical column, viz., a cluster flow that involves the regular alternation of compact clusters of gas bubbles that are separated by a fluid that does not involve a free gas phase. It is shown that the liquid, bubble, cluster, and slug flow patterns are mutually transformed under certain conditions; they are polymorphous modifications of a gassaturated liquid moving in a vertical pipe. The data thus acquired suggested a new model for the gas–liquid movement of a magma melt in a conduit: depending on the type of gas–liquid flow behavior at the vent, the crater will exhibit different types of explosive activity, including actual explosions.
The mechanism of the lava field formation at the Predskazanny parasitic eruption (Klyuchevskoy volcano, 1983) (1988)
Panov V.K., Slezin Yu.B. The mechanism of the lava field formation at the Predskazanny parasitic eruption (Klyuchevskoy volcano, 1983) // Volcanology and Seismology. 1988. V. 7. P. 321-335.
The morphology and rheology of modern Klyuchevskoi parasitic lava flows (1990)
Slezin Yu.B. The morphology and rheology of modern Klyuchevskoi parasitic lava flows // Volcanology and Seismology. 1990. V. 10. V. 5. P. 665-686.



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